The climate in Mozambique, influenced by the monsoons of the Indian Ocean and the warm current of the Mozambique Channel, is generally tropical and humid, with a dry season in the Center / North ranging from four to six months while in the South, with a tropical dry climate, lasts for six to nine months. Rainfall occurs between October and April. In the mountains, the climate is tropical at altitude.Average temperatures are in the order of 20º in the South, while in the North this indicator is around 26º. The highest temperatures occur in the rainy season.
Mozambique has always affirmed itself as a cultural pole with outstanding international interventions in the field of architecture, painting, music, literature, and poetry. Names such as Malangatana, Mia Couto and José Craveirinha, among others, have long surpassed National boundaries. Also in the area of sport, he excelled in various modalities, namely in athletics with Lurdes Mutola. Also important and representative of the artistic and creative spirit of the Mozambican people is the craftsmanship that is manifested in several areas, especially the blackwood sculptures of the Macondes of the North of Mozambique.
The primitive peoples of Mozambique were the Bosquimans. Between 200 and 300 AD, there were large migrations of Bantu peoples from the Great Lakes region to the North, who pushed the local people to the poorer regions to the South. At the end of the century. VI, the first commercial warehouses sponsored by the Swahilárabes, essentially looking for the exchange of various articles for gold, iron, and copper from the interior, appeared in the coastal zones. In the century XV, the Portuguese penetration begins with the arrival of Pêro da Covilhã on the Mozambican coasts and the landing of Vasco da Gama on the Island of Mozambique.From 1502 until the middle of the XVIII, Portuguese interests in Mozambique were under the administration of Portuguese India.
The coast of Mozambique, facing the Indian Ocean, by its extension, orography and climate, is rich in all types of beaches and cradle of many marine species, some of which are in danger of extinction. In the North, the rocky beaches predominate, while in the center, near the mouths of the rivers, the muddy beaches are confined by extensive mangroves and in the South the sandy beaches with high dunes and covered with undergrowth prevail in the South. Parallel to the coast, islands isolated or grouped in small archipelagos, some with good tourist structures, provide the observation of varied vegetation and unique fauna. In them you can find historical monuments that mark the passage of Arabs and Europeans, transparent waters that invite swimming and diving, coral reefs of extraordinary beauty, ecosystems rich in rare fish species, and open sea where hunting is permitted submarine and sport fishing of some varieties whose capture is the most desired target for lovers of these sports.
Mozambique is very rich in both land and sea fauna and flora. The type of land and climate has created three different varieties of vegetation: dense forestland in the high parts of the North and Centre of the country, woodland and savannah in the South and mangroves along the coastline. In terms of wildlife, the main species to be found in these ecosystems are elephants, lions, leopards, cheetahs, hippopotamus, antelopes, tortoises and monkeys and varied species of birdlife. Apart from wildlife, there are beautiful landscapes and views to be admired both along the coast and in the higher mountainous areas. To allow the visitor to once again appreciate these magnificent natural surroundings, which were seriously affected by the war, a number of parks are being recuperated such as, Gorongosa National Park which was one of the best in Africa, is a treasure of Mozambique which provides environmental, educational, esthetic, recreational and economic benefits to the Central region of the Country and all humanity.
Mozambique is situated on the Southeast Coast of Africa. To the East is the Indian Ocean, Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia are to the North, to the West, Zimbabwe and South Africa and to the South, Swaziland, and South Africa. The total area of Mozambique is 799 380 Km2 from North to South, to the East, it has a coastline with the Indian Ocean for over 2515 Km. The more south we go the narrower the land becomes, its widest point being the Central Northern region, between the Coast and the point where the rivers Aruángua and Zambeze meet. The narrowest southern point, in the Namaacha region, is only 47,5 Km wide.
Due to its strategically privileged position in the Southern part of the African Continent, its easily accessible vast coastline, abundant in fish and its fertile lands, Mozambique has been the home of various peoples and cultures, including the Bantu from Central Africa, Arabs, Indians, and Europeans. The Bantu are the most important, however. This group made up of a number of different groups with a common culture and similar dialects originated the main Ethnic groups such as the “Yaos”, the “Macuas”, the “Angones”, the “Nhanjas”, the “Tongas”, the “Bitongas” and the “Muchopes” who can be found living in groups and sub-groups, in this same order, from North to South.
This is an annual international music festival which takes place over 3 days in the outdoors. There will be different types of bands featured, music documentaries and workshops. Additional facilities include a food court and restaurants, stalls for food and drink as well as designer fashion, merchandising and crafts.
The annual Gwaza Muthini Festival pays homage to those who resisted colonial rule along with those who died in the historic Battle of Marracuene in 1895. It takes place in Marracuene town, which is about 30 km north of Maputo and sees local Mozambicans getting together to enjoy traditional food whilst taking part in song and dance.
If you’re in Mozambique in May, you might just have to include STRAB festival into your itinerary. This annual event first started off as a birthday party among a group of scuba divers but since then it has expanded, now featuring a number of live bands from South Africa who come together to perform.