Located in the north of the country, the boundaries of the provinces of Cabo Delgado and Niassa are to the north, Zambézia to the south and west, and the Indian Ocean to the east.
The Province of Nampula or, more correctly, the Island of Mozambique, now considered a world heritage site, can be considered the cradle of the territorial unit that currently constitutes the Mozambican Nation.
To this small coral island, next to the coast, whose name is attributed, by some, to the original designation of Muipiti, while others assume that the identification of Mozambique, that began to be used from the century. It originated in the name Mussa-Bin-Biki, son of the Sultan, ruler of the island, Bin-Biki, from ancient times people from different origins, predominantly from the Arabs who used it as a warehouse for trade with the interior and along the entire Mozambican coast.
It was there that, in 1498, the Portuguese navigators, who expelled the established interests, made the island a strategic point from which they began to expand to other regions of the country. For this purpose they built the fortress of São Sebastião and a trading post.
Nampula is a province rich in landscapes, historical past and strategic positioning, reflected in the cities of Nampula, Mozambique Island, Angoche and Nacala, one of the best natural harbors in Africa.
The dominant ethnic group is Macua.