It is the northern most Province of Mozambique, to the north is the river Rovuma which limits the border with Tanzania, to the south, the river Lúrio separating it from the province of Nampula, to the east the Indian Ocean and to the west the province of Niassa.
Three main ethnic groups inhabit Cabo Delgado: the Macondes, the Macuas and the Mwani. The biggest urban centre is Pemba, an important tourist centre and a historical city situated on the bay with the same name. This bay is the third largest in the world.
To the North, along the 200 Km of coastline, extends the Archipelago of Quirimbas. It consists of 32 islands, and perhaps the best known, in terms of historical interest, natural beauty and magnificent beaches is the “Ibo Island”, which was in the past an important commercial centre first controlled by the Arabs and later by the Portuguese.